- Study meets primary endpoint demonstrating non-inferiority of roxadustat to darbepoetin in correction and maintenance of hemoglobin levels
- Findings presented today in oral session at the European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association Virtual Congress 2020
TOKYO, June 8, 2020 – Astellas Pharma Inc. (TSE: 4503, President and CEO: Kenji Yasukawa, Ph.D., “Astellas”) today announced results from the Phase 3 DOLOMITES study, evaluating the efficacy and safety of roxadustat compared with darbepoetin alfa for the treatment of anemia in non-dialysis dependent (NDD) adult patients with stage 3–5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) (Abstract: MO001). The data presented during an oral presentation at the 57th European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA) Virtual Congress, taking place between June 6–9, 2020, showed non-inferiority of roxadustat to darbepoetin alfa in the correction of hemoglobin levels during the first 24 weeks of treatment (89.5% vs 78.0%; a difference of 11.51% [95% confidence interval (Cl): 5.66%, 17.36%]), meeting the study’s primary endpoint with a lower bound of the 95% CI >0.
Secondary endpoints were hierarchically tested for non-inferiority and superiority. Superiority of roxadustat to darbepoetin alfa was demonstrated by a decrease in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol with a least square mean (LSM) difference of -0.403 mmol/L (95% CI: -0.510, -0.296; [P<0.01]) and in time to first intravenous iron use with a hazard ratio (HR) of 0.45 (95% CI: 0.26, 0.78; [P=0.004]). The non-inferiority of roxadustat to darbepoetin alfa was demonstrated for mean arterial pressure with a LSM difference of -0.372 mmHg (95% CI: -1.587, 0.842) and time to occurrence of hypertension (HR=0.83; [95% CI: 0.56, 1.22]). Regarding safety, the overall incidence of treatment emergent adverse events was comparable between roxadustat and darbepoetin alfa (91.6% and 92.5%, respectively). A non-confirmatory analysis of adjudicated major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE)/MACE plus hospitalized unstable angina and hospitalized congestive heart failure (MACE+) outcomes showed HR point estimates of 0.81 (95% CI: 0.52, 1.25) and 0.90 (95% CI: 0.61, 1.32).
“The goal of treatment for anemia in CKD is to raise and stabilize hemoglobin levels, yet as many as half of CKD anemia patients have hemoglobin levels outside the recommended target values, often leaving them with debilitating symptoms that can make daily activities extremely challenging,” said Jonathan Barratt, Ph.D., FRCP, Consultant Nephrologist and the Mayer Professor of Renal Medicine at the University of Leicester, United Kingdom. “The DOLOMITES study results demonstrate the ability of roxadustat to correct and maintain hemoglobin levels in people with CKD anemia not on dialysis for up to 2 years.”
As a first-in-class orally administered inhibitor of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl¬ hydroxylase (PH), roxadustat increases hemoglobin levels with a mechanism of action that is different from that of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs). As a HIF-PH inhibitor, roxadustat activates the body’s natural protective response to reduced oxygen levels in the blood. This response involves the regulation of multiple, complementary processes that promote a coordinated erythropoiesis and increase the blood’s oxygen-carrying capacity.
“The DOLOMITES study data add to the body of evidence supporting the efficacy of roxadustat in adult CKD patients with anemia who are not dialysis dependent, this time versus an active comparator, darbepoetin,” said Bernhardt G Zeiher, M.D., Chief Medical Officer, Astellas. “This study, designed to assess the novel mechanism of action of roxadustat in correcting and maintaining hemoglobin levels, reinforces Astellas’ commitment to turning innovative science into value for patients and addressing the unmet medical needs of people living with CKD and the added complication of anemia.”
Astellas presentations at the ERA-EDTA Virtual Congress 2020 include:
Title: Roxadustat for the Treatment of Anaemia in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients Not on Dialysis: A Phase 3, Randomised, Open-Label, Active-Controlled Study (Abstract MO001)
Presenter: Dr. Jonathan Barratt, University of Leicester, United Kingdom
- Session date/time: Monday, June 8, 8:54–9:07 a.m. CET
Title: Ophthalmological Effects of Roxadustat in the Treatment of Anaemia in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients on Dialysis in a Phase 3, Randomised, Double-Blind, Active-Comparator Conversion Study (Abstract MO002)
Presenter: Dr. Yasir J. Sepah, Ocular Imaging Research and Reading Center, Sunnyvale, CA and Byers Eye Institute, Stanford School of Medicine, CA
- Session date/time: Monday, June 8, 9:07–9:17 a.m. CET
Title: Effect of Severe Renal Impairment or End-Stage Renal Disease on the Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Roxadustat, an Oral Hypoxia-Inducible Factor Prolyl Hydroxylase Inhibitor (Abstract SO052)
Presenter: Dorien Groenendaal-van de Meent, Astellas Pharma Europe B.V.
- Session date/time: Sunday, June 7, 3:57–4:07 p.m. CET
Title: A Qualitative Study of Patients’ Preference for the Treatment of Anaemia Associated With Chronic Kidney Disease (Abstract P0865)
- Available to view on the ERA-EDTA Virtual Congress website starting Saturday, June 6
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